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SCHOOLS

 

SCHOOLS

SCHOOLS IN ITALY
The Italian national education system is based on the following types of schools:
- Kindergarten
It’s opened to Italian and foreign children who have an age between 3 and 5 years old within the 31st December. It lasts three years and it is not mandatory.
The working hours for the kindergarten is established in 40 hours per week, with the possibility of extension to 50 hours. Families can request a reduced time, only during the morning, for a total of 25 hours weekly.
- First cycle of studies
The first cycle of studies is divided into two consecutive and mandatory schoolings:
1. the primary school, which lasts 5 years;
2. the secondary school, which lasts 3 years.
Attendance at primary school is compulsory for all Italian and foreign children of six years old within the 31st of December. The registration is optional for children who will be six years old within the 30th of April of the following year. In the primary school, the weekly teaching timetable can vary from 24 to 27 hours according to the choice of families and it can be extended until 30 hours.
As an alternative to normal hours, families can require the full time of 40 hours per week, depending on the availability of seats and on the activated services.
Attendance at secondary school is mandatory for all Italian and foreign children at the end of their primary school. The first cycle of studies finishes with a State Exam. It is only by overpassing this exam that students are admitted to the second cycle of studies.
In the secondary school, the weekly teaching timetable is divided into different subjects for an amount of 30 hours. On the basis of the availability of seats and the activated services, there can be full-time classes for a total of 36 hours per week. In this case, there are educational activities and teachings requiring 2 or 3 mandatory afternoon classes. Depending on the requests of the majority of families, the timetable can be extended to 40 hours.
- Second cycle of studies
Starting from the school year 2010-2011, the reform of the second cycle of education has come into force consisting of a provision reducing the fragmentation of different types of addresses in high schools and reshaping the technical and professional education. This important reform is characterized by the reorganization of the second level of the secondary school: in this way, it is possible to introduce some news in the education system regarding the choice of different study paths.
The reform grants each single school a higher level of autonomy, allowing it to develop customized training plans on the basis of the users requirements, with respect to the study path launched on a national level.
- High schools
The high school lasts five years, which are divided into two periods of two years each plus the fifth year ending with a State exam, necessary to continue with the university.
Six different paths are provided: some of them are subdivided into different branches (six are available for the arts high school), while others offer an option, which is a different study path in comparison with the main one: arts high school (with the following branches: figurative arts; architecture and environment; design, audiovisual and multimedia; graphics; scenography), classical high school, choirs and music high school (with the musical and choir sections), scientific high school (with the option of applied sciences), human sciences high school (with the socio-economic option).
- Technical institutes
Each technical institute lasts five years which are divided into two periods of two years each plus the fifth year ending with a State exam. This exam provides students a diploma of technical studies, necessary to continue with the university.
Technical institutes are divided into two different sectors: the economics sector, subdivided into two branches (administration, finance and marketing, tourisms) and the technological sector, subdivided into 9 different branches (mechanics, mechatronics and energy; transports and logistics; electronics and electrotechnics; informatics and telecommunications; graphics and communications; chemistry, materials and biotechnology; fashion system; agriculture, agroalimentary and agroindustry; constructions, environment and territory).
Divisions and options are provided in order to meet the different and specific productive needs.
- Professional institutes
Professional institutes are part of the educational system together with high schools and technical institutes. They last five years which are divided into two periods of two years each plus the fifth year ending with a State exam. This exam provides student a diploma of professional education, necessary to continue with the university.
Professional institutes are divided into two different sectors: the services sector, subdivided into four different branches (services for the agriculture and the rural development; health and social services; food and wine services and services for hospitality; commercial services) and the industry and crafts sector, subdivided into two different branches (industrial and handicrafts production; maintenance and technical support).
For further information:
http://hubmiur.pubblica.istruzione.it/web/istruzione/famiglie/ordinamenti


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