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International adoptions are regulated by Law 183/84 as modified from law 476/98 of the "Ratification and execution of the Convention for the protection of minors and co-operation in international adoption”, concluded and signed at The Hague, 29th May, 1993, and from law 149 of 2001. 

The Hague Convention of 1993 aims primarily to ensure that international adoptions are carried out in the higher interest of minors and within internationally accepted guidelines, as well as to establish a system of co-operation between the signatory States to ensure that these guidelines are respected, and prevent kidnapping, smuggling, and the sale of minors. The following countries are signatories of the convention:

Albania - Australia - Austria - Belarus - Belgium - Brazil - Bulgaria - Canada - Czech Republic - Chile - Popular Republic of China - Cyprus - Denmark - Estonia - Finland - France - Georgia - Germany - Hungary - Iceland - Ireland - Israel - Italy - Latvia - Lithuania - Luxembourg - Malta - Mexico - Monaco - Netherlands - New Zealand - Norway - Panama - Peru - Poland - Portugal - Rumania - Russian Federation - Slovak Republic - Slovenia - Spain - South Africa - Sri Lanka - Sweden - Switzerland - Turkey - United Kingdom - United States of America - Uruguay - Venezuela

For information on adoption procedures for foreign minor, please consult the website of the Commission for the International Adoptions:
Admittance of foreign minors into Italy  
To enter Italy, the adopted minor must obtain an approved entry visa for adoption on her/his foreign passport from the country of origin. The diplomatic and consular authorities may only issue an entry visa based upon the authorisation for entry and residence in Italy of the minor from the Commission for International Adoptions. The visa request is dealt with immediately upon receipt of the required documents, which however depends on completing the administrative procedures. According art.33 of law 184 of 1983, as modified from law 476 of 1998, diplomatic and consular authorities cannot grant an entry visa to a foreign minor prior to obtaining the approval to enter Italian territory for adoption purposes, or without the foreknown decision from the same law, and without the authorisation of the Commission for the International Adoptions. Once the minor has entered Italy, the relevant Police headquarters issues a stay permit for adoption. 

Acquisition of Italian citizenship by a minor  
An adoption procedure is considered complete as per the regulations of the Minors’ Court once the adoption is recorded in the marriage register. With this, the minor becomes an Italian citizen (art. 34 point 3 of law 476 of 1998).    

Adoption by an Italian couple resident in a foreign country
Any adoption request or authorization from the competent authority of a foreign country on behalf of Italian citizens must indicate that the couple in question have valid residence permits and must have continuous residence in the same country for at least two years. Such a document can be recognised in Italy by the Minors’ Court, provided that it is consistent with the principles of the Convention (art. 36 of law n. 184 of 1983, as modified from law n. 476/1998). The relevant Minors’ Court is that of the place of last residence of the couple or, where it is not possible to establish last residence, the relevant Court will be considered the Minors’ Court of Rome.   

Authority: In Sudan there is no main office responsible for adoptions. The Social Services Supervisor of the Governorate of the Province is responsible for the review of every single case.  

Procedures: The Child Care Act, which dates to 1971, is the legislation regulating adoptions in Sudan. In accordance with Islamic Law, Muslim children cannot be adopted, only non-Muslims. A child whose faith is unknown is automatically considered Muslim. Sudanese Law allows courts to nominate a "guardian" to see to the welfare and education of the child until he or she reaches the legal age (21 years). Guardians can be assigned to both Muslim and non-Muslim children, but must belong to the same religion as the child.  

The application for guardianship or to become an “adoptive parent” must be addressed to the Social Services Supervisor of the Governor for the Province where the child lives. If accepted, the Governor will then consign the application to a civil court.  Once the question of custody is accepted, there is a one year trial period during which the Social Services Supervisor of the Governor for the Province conducts regular visits. When the year is over, the guardian or adoptive parent can return to the court requesting the child’s permanent custody until he or she reaches the age of 21 years. In certain circumstances it is possible to reduce the trial period at the discretion of the Governor of the province where the child resides.  

The guardian or adoptive parent must obtain the approval of the social worker for cases regarding a change of residence inside Sudan.  

Civil status requirements and age: The candidate for the status of guardianship or adoptive parent must be aged between 30 and 50, and have a record of good reputation and behaviour. Single men are not eligible. Children above 14 years of age are not eligible to be taken into the custody of a guardian or adoptive parent.  

Documents: The specific documents required vary according to Governor. Prospective guardians or adoptive parents must contact the Social Services Supervisor of the Governorate for the Province for details.  

For clarifications on adoption procedures, prospective adoptive couples may contact the following address for further information:

International Adoptions Commission
Via Barberini, 38a - Rome - Italy
Tel.: 0039 06 42153252 and 0039 06 42153253
Fax: 0039 06 42153249/50/51

Italian Foreign Office
Piazzale della Farnesina, 1 - Rome - Italy
Tel.: 0039  06  36911
Public Relationships Office (URP) 
Opening hours: 09:00 – 16:30 every day, except weekends and public holidays
Tel.: 0039 06 36918899
Fax: 0039 06 3236210